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Where Is Alborz

 

Alborz Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran, centered in Karaj.Alborz Province was formed by division of Tehran Province into two provinces, after the Parliamentary approval on June 23, 2010, and was introduced as 31st province of Iran. In 2014 it was placed in Region 1.Situated northwest of Tehran, the Province of Alborz has 4 counties, Karaj, Savojbolagh, Taleghan and Nazarabad. Karaj is the seat of the province. Alborz Province  is situated 35 km west of Tehran, at the foothills of the Alborz mountains, and is Iran's smallest province in area. According to the National Census, in 2011 population of Alborz was 2,412,513 out of which 90,5% lived in urban areas.
Karaj is the capital of Karaj County, Alborz Province, Iran. Its population was about 1.61 million in the 2011 census, making it the fourth-largest city in Iran after Tehran, Mashhad and Isfahan. It is situated 20 kilometres (12 mi) west of Tehran, at the foothills of the Alborz mountains.Karaj has been hosting communities since 3000 years BC. The Xurvin region of Karaj has been inhabited since the Bronze Age, and the Kelāk region on the left bank of Karaj River since the Iron Age.
The stone built Taxt e Rostam, located on a mount in the west of Šahriār County, was built in the Parthian era as a Zoroastrian fire temple.
Until the late 20th century, the city was mainly crossed into by a stone bridge built in the Safavid era. The stone built Šāh-Abbāsi Caravansary, located at the southeast of Towhid Square, was built in the same era, under the rule Šāh Esmāil.
In 1810s, the Palace of Soleymānie was built as a summer resort by Šāhzāde Soleymān (Soleymān Mirzā), an old prince governor of Kermānšāh. Today, it is housing the Faculty of Agriculture of the University of Tehran, granted since the Pahlavi era by Rezā Šāh Pahlavi.
The Morvārid Palace, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation on instructions from Shams Pahlavi, was constructed in nearby Mehršahr district, during the Pahlavi era.
The climate of Karaj is a bit cooler than Tehran, and it receives 260 mm of rain annually. Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies the city's climate as cold semi-arid.Amir Kabir dam and some other small lakes are based in the City of Karaj.Karaj is the starting point for a drive along road forced north through the Alborz mountain to the Caspian Sea.
The economical base of the City of Karaj is its proximity to Tehran. It is due to the transportation of products between Tehran and the Caspian Sea. Chemicals, fertilizers and processed agricultural goods are also produced in the city.
Karaj is a major industrial city, with factories producing sugar, textiles, wire, and alcohol.Zowb Āhan, the avenue leading to an industrial plant, is located at the south of Ostandar Square. Zowb e Āhan or Zowb Āhan, literally "steel mill", was a contract between the Pahlavi government and a consortium from the Nazi Germany. The establishment of the factory Zowb Āhan e Karaj was halted by the beginning of the Second World War, and it was never launched.
Šahrak e Jahānšahr was the first modern private industrial and housing complex of Karaj, built in the 1960s. The factories Jahān Čit (textile factory), Rowqan Nabāti e Jahān (oil factory), and Čāy e Jahān (tea factory), were established at the complex. It is one of the largest industrial zones of the nation, with some 20% share of the national GDP.
Payam SEZ is the only special economic zone in the region with the privilege of its own airport and airline.The city has become a major area for middle class migrants from Tehran. This is due to the better environmental and cheaper housing conditions.
Geocoding for Alborz, Iran: 35.48°N 50.58°E

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