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Azadi Tower Of Tehran

 

The Azadi Tower, formerly known as the Shahyad (a translation of King Memorial Tower), is the symbol of Tehran and marks the entrance to the city. Standing guard like a sentry at the gates of Tehran, Iran, is the impressive Azadi Tower (Freedom Tower), built in 1971 and comprised of eight thousand white marble blocks. A combination of both Islamic and Sassanid architectural styles, the fifty-foot high tower commemorates the formation of the Persian Empire and is an interesting combination of both modern and ancient cultures.

The architect, Hossein Amanat, won a competition to design the monument, which combines elements of the architecture of Sassanid and Achaemenid eras, and Post-Islamic Iranian architecture.This tower is part of the Azadi Cultural Complex, located in Tehran's Azadi Square in an area of some 50,000 m². There are several fountains around the base of the tower and a museum underground.

Built with white marble stone from the Isfahan Province, it includes eight thousand blocks of stone. The stones were all located and supplied by Ghanbar Rahimi, whose knowledge of the quarries was second to none and who was known as "Soltan e Sang e Iran" (Iran's Sultan of Stone). The shape of each block was calculated by computer, and programmed to include all the instructions for the building's work. The actual construction of the tower was carried out, and supervised by Iran's finest master stonemason, Ghaffar Davarpanah Varnosfaderani. The main financing was provided by a group of five hundred Iranian industrialists. The inauguration took place on October 16, 1971.

 

Azadi Tower Of Tehran

 

Azadi Tower Of Tehran

 

 

The entrance of the tower is directly underneath the main vault and leads into the Azadi Museum on the basement floor. The black walls and proportions of the building are austere. Heavy doors open onto a crypt with subdued lighting issuing from showcases, each containing an object. Gold and enamel pieces, painted pottery, marble, miniature, and paintings are located among black marble walls. A concrete mesh forms the ceiling. Approximately fifty pieces have been selected, each representing a particular period in Iran's history.

The main display is occupied by a copy of the Cyrus Cylinder (the original is in the British Museum). A translation of the cuneiform inscription on the cylinder is inscribed in golden letters on the wall of one of the galleries leading to the museum's audio-visual department; opposite, a similar plaque lists the Twelve Points of the White Revolution. 

Among the earliest items on display are square flagstones, gold sheeting, and terra cotta tablets from Susa, covered with uniform cuneiform characters. Potteries, ceramics, varnished porcelains (such as a seventh-century blue and gold dish from Gorgan), an illuminated Koran, and miniatures highlight milestones in the country's history up to the nineteenth century, which is represented by two painted panels from Farah Pahlavi's collection.

 

Azadi Tower Of Tehran

 

Azadi Tower Of Tehran

 

Geocoding: 35°41′58″N 51°20′16″E

 


Теги: azadi tower, borj-e azadi, shahyad tower, symbol of theran, Tehran attractions, must see iran, must see tehran, travel to iran

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